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Development of Instant Powder with the Addition of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder as Complementary Food for Infants 6-12 Months Old

Zakaria, Suriani Rauf, Andi Salim, Nurdin Rahman, Bohari.

Abstract
The right combination of various ingredients types may produce complementary foods that meet the nutritional needs of infants. This study aimed to produce an instant powder formula with the addition of Moringa leaf powder as a complementary food for babies aged 6-12 months. The study used a completely randomized design (CRD). The main ingredients were the dry powders of brown rice, soybean sprouts, mung bean sprouts, and Moringa leaves. The addition of Moringa leaf powder was 7%, 8%, and 9% for each formula. Based on linear programming, there were nine main formulas of the combination of the main ingredient. Parameters measured were physical characteristics, macronutrient composition, and panelist acceptability. The formulation was assessed by the effective index method with a score of each variable 0-1. The instant powder was served after cooking with enough water, then cooked for ± 1-2 minutes. This infant’s food contains about 347 - 379 Kcal / 100 g of energy, 20-23% Protein, 2-4% Fat, 62-64% Carbohydrates, 2-3-3% Fiber, and 3-4% Moisture. The average bulk density was 0.6 - 0.7 g / ml, and the water absorption ratio was 1: 1.5. In general, sensory acceptability was slightly like. The nutritional content met the requirements was protein, fiber, and moisture, high carbohydrates, but low energy and fat. All formulas met the physical requirements and water absorption, but acceptability was still low. The best breastfeeding companion food was formula C2, with a score of 0.7.

Key words: Instant Powder, Moringa oleifera leaf, Infants' Complementary Food.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

, Rauf S, Salim A, Rahman N, Bohari . Development of Instant Powder with the Addition of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder as Complementary Food for Infants 6-12 Months Old. SRP. 2020; 11(7): 61-64. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.7.10


Web Style

, Rauf S, Salim A, Rahman N, Bohari . Development of Instant Powder with the Addition of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder as Complementary Food for Infants 6-12 Months Old. http://www.sysrevpharm.org//?mno=113952 [Access: July 28, 2020]. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.7.10


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

, Rauf S, Salim A, Rahman N, Bohari . Development of Instant Powder with the Addition of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder as Complementary Food for Infants 6-12 Months Old. SRP. 2020; 11(7): 61-64. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.7.10



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

, Rauf S, Salim A, Rahman N, Bohari . Development of Instant Powder with the Addition of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder as Complementary Food for Infants 6-12 Months Old. SRP. (2020), [cited July 28, 2020]; 11(7): 61-64. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.7.10



Harvard Style

, Rauf, . S., Salim, . A., Rahman, . N. & Bohari, . (2020) Development of Instant Powder with the Addition of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder as Complementary Food for Infants 6-12 Months Old. SRP, 11 (7), 61-64. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.7.10



Turabian Style

, Suriani Rauf, Andi Salim, Nurdin Rahman, and Bohari. 2020. Development of Instant Powder with the Addition of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder as Complementary Food for Infants 6-12 Months Old. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (7), 61-64. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.7.10



Chicago Style

, Suriani Rauf, Andi Salim, Nurdin Rahman, and Bohari. "Development of Instant Powder with the Addition of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder as Complementary Food for Infants 6-12 Months Old." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 61-64. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.7.10



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Suriani Rauf, Andi Salim, Nurdin Rahman, and Bohari. "Development of Instant Powder with the Addition of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder as Complementary Food for Infants 6-12 Months Old." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.7 (2020), 61-64. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.7.10



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, Rauf, . S., Salim, . A., Rahman, . N. & Bohari, . (2020) Development of Instant Powder with the Addition of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Powder as Complementary Food for Infants 6-12 Months Old. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (7), 61-64. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.7.10





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