E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


Role of Panax Ginseng as an Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective after Liver Toxicity caused by Flutamide in Adult Male Rats

Shaima Ahmed Rahim.

Abstract
Aim: This study was conducted to determine antioxidant, hepatoprotective and anti – inflammatory effects of panax ginseng extract against hepatotoxic effect of flutamide, a drug widely used in the treatment of metastatic prostate adenocarcinoma.
Materials and Methods: Thirty rats (weight 200-300 g) were used and had access to water and food in the animal house for two week.
The rats were divided randomly into six equal groups: group (A): received normal saline as control, group(B): received flutamide (25 mg/kg b.wt) orally for 7 days, group (C): injected p. ginseng extract (200 mg / kg b.wt) intraperitonialy daily for 30 days, group (D):injected p. ginseng extract (400mg/kg b.wt) intrapretonialy daily for 30 days, group (E):received flutamide (25mg/kg b.wt) orally for 7 days with p. ginseng extract (200 mg / kg b.wt) intrapretonialy daily for 30 days, group (F): received flutamide (25mg/kg b.wt) orally for 7days with p. ginseng extract (400 mg/kg b.wt) intrapretonialy daily for 30 days. In this study, we assessed the hepatoprotective effect of red ginseng in rats treated with flutamide. Serum concentrations of the hepatic marker enzymes alanine amino transferase (ALT), aspartate amino transferase (AST) and histopathological analysis have been performed for this purpose. The hepatic antioxidant status was assessed using measurement of GSH levels.
Results: Administration of flutamide to adult male rats causes severe hepatic injury. Hepatosomatic index, ALT and AST were significantly increased in comparison with control and ginseng treated groups. While a significant decrease in the contents of reduced hepatic glutathione (GSH) was observed
Histological examination of liver tissues showed that flutamide caused significant increase in the diameter of central vein, bloody congestion in the central vein with infiltration of Inflammatory cells, swelling of hepatocytes, narrowing of blood sinusoids and vacoules appear inside the hepatocytes.
Conclusion: The results of this current study indicate that the administration of ginseng (200,400 mg / kg b.w) to flutamide treated animals resulted in an improvement in the histological picture of the liver as well as biochemical parameters, mainly through down regulation of oxidative stress and inflammatory response.

Key words: Panax ginseng extract, flutamide, anti-inflammatory activity, antioxidant activity, aminotransferase, reduced glutathione, hepatotoxicity


 
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Pubmed Style

Shaima Ahmed Rahim. Role of Panax Ginseng as an Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective after Liver Toxicity caused by Flutamide in Adult Male Rats. SRP. 2020; 11(6): 449-458. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.71


Web Style

Shaima Ahmed Rahim. Role of Panax Ginseng as an Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective after Liver Toxicity caused by Flutamide in Adult Male Rats. http://www.sysrevpharm.org//?mno=116778 [Access: June 19, 2020]. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.71


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shaima Ahmed Rahim. Role of Panax Ginseng as an Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective after Liver Toxicity caused by Flutamide in Adult Male Rats. SRP. 2020; 11(6): 449-458. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.71



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shaima Ahmed Rahim. Role of Panax Ginseng as an Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective after Liver Toxicity caused by Flutamide in Adult Male Rats. SRP. (2020), [cited June 19, 2020]; 11(6): 449-458. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.71



Harvard Style

Shaima Ahmed Rahim (2020) Role of Panax Ginseng as an Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective after Liver Toxicity caused by Flutamide in Adult Male Rats. SRP, 11 (6), 449-458. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.71



Turabian Style

Shaima Ahmed Rahim. 2020. Role of Panax Ginseng as an Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective after Liver Toxicity caused by Flutamide in Adult Male Rats. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (6), 449-458. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.71



Chicago Style

Shaima Ahmed Rahim. "Role of Panax Ginseng as an Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective after Liver Toxicity caused by Flutamide in Adult Male Rats." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 449-458. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.71



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shaima Ahmed Rahim. "Role of Panax Ginseng as an Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective after Liver Toxicity caused by Flutamide in Adult Male Rats." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.6 (2020), 449-458. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.71



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shaima Ahmed Rahim (2020) Role of Panax Ginseng as an Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective after Liver Toxicity caused by Flutamide in Adult Male Rats. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (6), 449-458. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.71





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