E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


Phytochemical Screening, Antioxidant Activity, Functional Groups and Chemical Element Characterization Analysis of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Javanese Green Tea Methanolic Extract: An Experimental In Vitro Study

Ida Bagus Narmada, Andari Sarasati, Satutya Wicaksono, Fianza Rezkita, Kadek Gede Putra Wibawa, Suhailah Hayaza, Alexander Patera Nugraha.

Abstract
Background: East Javanese green tea or Camellia sinensis is one of the biggest commodities with abundant health benefits. In Indonesia, people drink about 0.35 kg/capita/year green tea with approximately 2,781 tons produced in East Java. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), one of the main catechins in East Javanese green tea, has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-microbial activities
Aim: To analyze EGCG in East Javanese green tea methanolic extract (GTME) using phytochemical analysis, antioxidant activity, screening functional groups, and chemical element characterization analysis.
Materials and Methods: The maceration method was conducted to obtain the extract of green tea (C. sinensis). Isolation of EGCG was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and verified with thin-layer chromatography (TLC). Phytochemical liquid chromatography analysis was done using alkaloid, saponin, flavonoid, triterpenoid, and steroid tests. The antioxidant activity test was evaluated with a UV-Vis spectrometer. Furthermore, Chemical element characterization analysis was evaluated using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to determine functional groups and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) to characterize the chemistry element.
Results and Discussion: There is 4.41% of EGCG isolated from East Javanese green tea. During the phytochemical analysis, discoloration appears in alkaloid, flavonoid, triterpenoid, and steroid. Meanwhile, saponin test shows an intense and consistent forth for all indicating positive samples. As EGCG has strong antioxidant activity with IC50 value of 36.71, this can restrain the reactive oxidative species activity and advanced glycation end products creation which are connected to antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. FTIR and EDX analysis reveals that EGCG has hydroxyl bonds, double bonds C=O, single bond C-O, with carbon and oxygen as mostly the elemental composition, and no toxic substances.
Conclusion: EGCG in East Java GTME has flavonoids, saponins, steroids, triterpenoids, and alkaloids compounds contained with strong antioxidant activity.

Key words: Antioxidant, Camelia sinensis, Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate, Green Tea, Phytochemistry.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ida Bagus Narmada, Andari Sarasati, Satutya Wicaksono, Fianza Rezkita, Kadek Gede Putra Wibawa, Suhailah Hayaza, Alexander Patera Nugraha. Phytochemical Screening, Antioxidant Activity, Functional Groups and Chemical Element Characterization Analysis of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Javanese Green Tea Methanolic Extract: An Experimental In Vitro Study. SRP. 2020; 11(5): 511-519. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.68


Web Style

Ida Bagus Narmada, Andari Sarasati, Satutya Wicaksono, Fianza Rezkita, Kadek Gede Putra Wibawa, Suhailah Hayaza, Alexander Patera Nugraha. Phytochemical Screening, Antioxidant Activity, Functional Groups and Chemical Element Characterization Analysis of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Javanese Green Tea Methanolic Extract: An Experimental In Vitro Study. http://www.sysrevpharm.org//?mno=119465 [Access: June 27, 2020]. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.68


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ida Bagus Narmada, Andari Sarasati, Satutya Wicaksono, Fianza Rezkita, Kadek Gede Putra Wibawa, Suhailah Hayaza, Alexander Patera Nugraha. Phytochemical Screening, Antioxidant Activity, Functional Groups and Chemical Element Characterization Analysis of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Javanese Green Tea Methanolic Extract: An Experimental In Vitro Study. SRP. 2020; 11(5): 511-519. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.68



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ida Bagus Narmada, Andari Sarasati, Satutya Wicaksono, Fianza Rezkita, Kadek Gede Putra Wibawa, Suhailah Hayaza, Alexander Patera Nugraha. Phytochemical Screening, Antioxidant Activity, Functional Groups and Chemical Element Characterization Analysis of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Javanese Green Tea Methanolic Extract: An Experimental In Vitro Study. SRP. (2020), [cited June 27, 2020]; 11(5): 511-519. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.68



Harvard Style

Ida Bagus Narmada, Andari Sarasati, Satutya Wicaksono, Fianza Rezkita, Kadek Gede Putra Wibawa, Suhailah Hayaza, Alexander Patera Nugraha (2020) Phytochemical Screening, Antioxidant Activity, Functional Groups and Chemical Element Characterization Analysis of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Javanese Green Tea Methanolic Extract: An Experimental In Vitro Study. SRP, 11 (5), 511-519. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.68



Turabian Style

Ida Bagus Narmada, Andari Sarasati, Satutya Wicaksono, Fianza Rezkita, Kadek Gede Putra Wibawa, Suhailah Hayaza, Alexander Patera Nugraha. 2020. Phytochemical Screening, Antioxidant Activity, Functional Groups and Chemical Element Characterization Analysis of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Javanese Green Tea Methanolic Extract: An Experimental In Vitro Study. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (5), 511-519. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.68



Chicago Style

Ida Bagus Narmada, Andari Sarasati, Satutya Wicaksono, Fianza Rezkita, Kadek Gede Putra Wibawa, Suhailah Hayaza, Alexander Patera Nugraha. "Phytochemical Screening, Antioxidant Activity, Functional Groups and Chemical Element Characterization Analysis of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Javanese Green Tea Methanolic Extract: An Experimental In Vitro Study." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 511-519. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.68



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ida Bagus Narmada, Andari Sarasati, Satutya Wicaksono, Fianza Rezkita, Kadek Gede Putra Wibawa, Suhailah Hayaza, Alexander Patera Nugraha. "Phytochemical Screening, Antioxidant Activity, Functional Groups and Chemical Element Characterization Analysis of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Javanese Green Tea Methanolic Extract: An Experimental In Vitro Study." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.5 (2020), 511-519. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.68



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ida Bagus Narmada, Andari Sarasati, Satutya Wicaksono, Fianza Rezkita, Kadek Gede Putra Wibawa, Suhailah Hayaza, Alexander Patera Nugraha (2020) Phytochemical Screening, Antioxidant Activity, Functional Groups and Chemical Element Characterization Analysis of (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) in East Javanese Green Tea Methanolic Extract: An Experimental In Vitro Study. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (5), 511-519. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.5.68





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