E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context

Trung Quang Vo*, Bao Tran Thuy Tran, Ngan Thuy Nguyen, Tram ThiHuyen Nguyen, Thuy Phan Chung Tran.

Abstract
ABSTRACT
Context: The World Health Organization (WHO) Quality of Life Group developed a self-report 26-item questionnaire called the WHO Quality of Life Instrument, Short Form (WHOQOL-BREF). This instrument has been translated into different languages, and its validity and reliability have been confirmed in many countries. This research determined and analyzed the psychometric properties of the Vietnamese version of the WHOQOL-BREF.
Objectives: This study was aimed at evaluating the validity and reliability of the Vietnamese WHOQOL-BREF as an instrument for ascertaining QOL among Vietnamese medical students.
Methods: A cross-sectional design was adopted in the assessment of the instrument, which involved 1,357 medical undergraduates from different regions of Vietnam. The QOL of the students were measured using the questionnaire. Cronbach’s alpha testing and exploratory factor analysis were conducted to determine the reliability and validity of the scale.
Results: The internal consistency and construct validity of the Vietnamese WHOQOL-BREF indicated that the instrument had acceptable reliability and validity. The Cronbach’s alpha values of the questionnaire’s different domains were deemed satisfactory (>0.6), with scores of 0.67 to 0.81 for
each domain and 0.88 for the entire scale. The factor loadings reflected the discriminant validity of the WHOQOL-BREF with respect to all domains.
Conclusion: The Vietnamese version of the WHOQOL-BREF is a reliable and valid tool for evaluating the QOL of medical students in Vietnam.

Key words: healthcare, quality of life, reliability, validity, Vietnam, WHOQOL-BREF


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Vo TQ, Tran BTT, Nguyen NT, Nguyen TT, Tran TPC. Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context. SRP. 2020; 11(1): 14-22. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.1.03


Web Style

Vo TQ, Tran BTT, Nguyen NT, Nguyen TT, Tran TPC. Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context. http://www.sysrevpharm.org//?mno=302644898 [Access: December 10, 2019]. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.1.03


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Vo TQ, Tran BTT, Nguyen NT, Nguyen TT, Tran TPC. Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context. SRP. 2020; 11(1): 14-22. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.1.03



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Vo TQ, Tran BTT, Nguyen NT, Nguyen TT, Tran TPC. Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context. SRP. (2020), [cited December 10, 2019]; 11(1): 14-22. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.1.03



Harvard Style

Vo, T. Q., Tran, . B. T. T., Nguyen, . N. T., Nguyen, . T. T. & Tran, . T. P. C. (2020) Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context. SRP, 11 (1), 14-22. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.1.03



Turabian Style

Vo, Trung Quang, Bao Tran Thuy Tran, Ngan Thuy Nguyen, Tram ThiHuyen Nguyen, and Thuy Phan Chung Tran. 2020. Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (1), 14-22. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.1.03



Chicago Style

Vo, Trung Quang, Bao Tran Thuy Tran, Ngan Thuy Nguyen, Tram ThiHuyen Nguyen, and Thuy Phan Chung Tran. "Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 14-22. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.1.03



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Vo, Trung Quang, Bao Tran Thuy Tran, Ngan Thuy Nguyen, Tram ThiHuyen Nguyen, and Thuy Phan Chung Tran. "Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.1 (2020), 14-22. Print. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.1.03



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Vo, T. Q., Tran, . B. T. T., Nguyen, . N. T., Nguyen, . T. T. & Tran, . T. P. C. (2020) Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (1), 14-22. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.1.03