E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT AND SOCIAL STIGMA AMONG PEOPLE FACING COVID-19: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Nursalam Nursalam, Tintin Sukartini, Diah Priyantini, Dluha Mafula, Ferry Efendi.

Abstract
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a world health crisis contributing to impact people's fears, anxiety and psychological problems. This review study aimed to identify factors with psychological impact and social stigma among people. A systematic review searched five electronic databases (Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, CINAHL and ProQuest) for previous studies using a cross-sectional or quasi-experimental design published between March and April 2020. The Centre for Review and Dissemination and the Joanna Briggs Institute Guideline used for assess quality and Prisma checklist for guided this review. Title, abstract, full-text and methodology were assessed for the eligibility of the studies. Data tabulation and narrative analysis of study findings was performed. We found eleven studies which met inclusion criteria in the review. Included studies were divided into two broad thematic areas regarding COVID-19: factors related to psychology (n=7) and social stigma (n=3) and 1 study of both. The factors contributed in psychology and social stigma studies are mostly quasi-experiment and cross-sectional. The average number of participants were more than one thousand overall for every study and discussed psychological impact and social stigma related factors. Factors contributing to psychological impact were age, gender, education background, economic, support system, health condition and source information., whilst factors contributing to social stigma were environmental, history of accompanying chronic diseases, discrimination, self-isolation and people's perceptions of the affected area.
Keywords: COVID-19, Psychological factors, Social stigma
Correspondence:
Nursalam Nursalam
Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
nursalam@fkp.unair.ac.id

Key words: COVID-19, Psychological factors, Social stigma


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nursalam N, Sukartini T, Priyantini D, Mafula D, Efendi F. RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT AND SOCIAL STIGMA AMONG PEOPLE FACING COVID-19: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. SRP. 2020; 11(6): 1022-1028. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.146


Web Style

Nursalam N, Sukartini T, Priyantini D, Mafula D, Efendi F. RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT AND SOCIAL STIGMA AMONG PEOPLE FACING COVID-19: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. http://www.sysrevpharm.org//?mno=34322 [Access: July 07, 2020]. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.146


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nursalam N, Sukartini T, Priyantini D, Mafula D, Efendi F. RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT AND SOCIAL STIGMA AMONG PEOPLE FACING COVID-19: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. SRP. 2020; 11(6): 1022-1028. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.146



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nursalam N, Sukartini T, Priyantini D, Mafula D, Efendi F. RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT AND SOCIAL STIGMA AMONG PEOPLE FACING COVID-19: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. SRP. (2020), [cited July 07, 2020]; 11(6): 1022-1028. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.146



Harvard Style

Nursalam, N., Sukartini, . T., Priyantini, . D., Mafula, . D. & Efendi, . F. (2020) RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT AND SOCIAL STIGMA AMONG PEOPLE FACING COVID-19: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. SRP, 11 (6), 1022-1028. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.146



Turabian Style

Nursalam, Nursalam, Tintin Sukartini, Diah Priyantini, Dluha Mafula, and Ferry Efendi. 2020. RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT AND SOCIAL STIGMA AMONG PEOPLE FACING COVID-19: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (6), 1022-1028. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.146



Chicago Style

Nursalam, Nursalam, Tintin Sukartini, Diah Priyantini, Dluha Mafula, and Ferry Efendi. "RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT AND SOCIAL STIGMA AMONG PEOPLE FACING COVID-19: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 1022-1028. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.146



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nursalam, Nursalam, Tintin Sukartini, Diah Priyantini, Dluha Mafula, and Ferry Efendi. "RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT AND SOCIAL STIGMA AMONG PEOPLE FACING COVID-19: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.6 (2020), 1022-1028. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.146



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nursalam, N., Sukartini, . T., Priyantini, . D., Mafula, . D. & Efendi, . F. (2020) RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT AND SOCIAL STIGMA AMONG PEOPLE FACING COVID-19: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (6), 1022-1028. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.6.146





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