E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


Autoimmune Diseases with Oral Manifestations in Children: A Systematic Review

Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Fitria Mamile.

Abstract
Autoimmune disease is a general term for a variety of conditions that involve damage to the immune system's complex. In a normal immune response to infection or invasion, the immune system causes temporary inflammation in reaction to kill cells that cause damage. Oral symptoms and signs are often the first manifestations of autoimmune disease in children. Oral manifestations are often seen as the main sign of autoimmune disease. Oral lesions that are a manifestation of autoimmune disease may show clinical signs in the form of ulcers, erosions, vesicobuloses, plaques or papules, etc. Oral lesions must be handled properly to prevent secondary infection, manage pain and improve the quality of life of the patient. Therefore, dentists can play an important role in detecting and during multidisciplinary care related diseases. This review is aimed to describing the presentation of oral manifestations in autoimmune diseases occurring in children, because early and appropriate diagnosis increases the efficiency and efficacy of autoimmune disease treatment strategies in children.

Key words: Autoimmune Diseases, Oral Manifestations, Children


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Fitria Mamile. Autoimmune Diseases with Oral Manifestations in Children: A Systematic Review. SRP. 2021; 12(2): 385-396. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.53


Web Style

Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Fitria Mamile. Autoimmune Diseases with Oral Manifestations in Children: A Systematic Review. http://www.sysrevpharm.org/?mno=46218 [Access: March 04, 2021]. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.53


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Fitria Mamile. Autoimmune Diseases with Oral Manifestations in Children: A Systematic Review. SRP. 2021; 12(2): 385-396. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.53



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Fitria Mamile. Autoimmune Diseases with Oral Manifestations in Children: A Systematic Review. SRP. (2021), [cited March 04, 2021]; 12(2): 385-396. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.53



Harvard Style

Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Fitria Mamile (2021) Autoimmune Diseases with Oral Manifestations in Children: A Systematic Review. SRP, 12 (2), 385-396. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.53



Turabian Style

Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Fitria Mamile. 2021. Autoimmune Diseases with Oral Manifestations in Children: A Systematic Review. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 12 (2), 385-396. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.53



Chicago Style

Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Fitria Mamile. "Autoimmune Diseases with Oral Manifestations in Children: A Systematic Review." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 12 (2021), 385-396. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.53



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Fitria Mamile. "Autoimmune Diseases with Oral Manifestations in Children: A Systematic Review." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 12.2 (2021), 385-396. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.53



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arni Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Fitria Mamile (2021) Autoimmune Diseases with Oral Manifestations in Children: A Systematic Review. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 12 (2), 385-396. doi:10.31838/srp.2021.2.53





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