E-ISSN 0976-2779 | ISSN 0975-8453
 

Review Article 


Salivary Interleukin – 11 Levels in Multiple Teeth Implants Patients Before and After Suture Removal (Comparative Study)

Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh, Ammar Luay Alshibib.

Abstract
Introduction: Interleukin-11 (IL-11) is a cytokine with many functions as it has a significant role in the inflammatory processes of the dental tissue. Also, It has been stated to have a role in inhibiting the pro-inflammatory cytokines’ production such as IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor α, IL-6.
Objective: To investigate the levels of interleukin 11 (IL-11) are before and after removal of sutures of dental implants which are used as fixators for dental protheses.
Materials and Methods: A random comparative cross-sectional study were done on dental implant patients whose age ranges between 30-40 years old who were free from any systemic diseases and were non-smokers at Isra University Dentistry College, Baghdad, Iraq. Among 40 patients selected as the study sample, 2 samples were taken from each patient, as the study was done in 2 phases, one phase prior to and one phase after removal of sutures, 40 samples were in study (A) in which their samples were taken after implant placement immediately by taking 5 ml of each patient saliva, while the other 40 samples in study (B) of the same patients were taken after removal of the sutures, 10 days after taking the first samples. For our study, 2 to 4 Implants were used for each patient and many flap suturing techniques were used, the system implant used was of ‘ot-medical’ type which was made in Germany and Interleukin-11 bioMérieux kit used which was made in France, levels of IL-11 were assessed in the samples by immunosorbent enzyme-linked assay. SPSS version 16 was used for statistical analysis.
Results: The values of interleukin-11 were significantly higher in the samples study (A) after inserting the implants than in the samples of study (B). The concentration of Interleukin-11 were in higher in study (A) because of the aggressive inflammatory process due to insertion of the dental implants.
Discussion: The levels of Interleukin-11 are much more after inserting the implant compared to after removal of the suture due to alleviation of the inflammatory condition (P<0.003).
Conclusion: Interleukin-11 acts an anti-inflammatory cytokine, so after insertion of the implant, being a foreign body, the IL-11 highly increases compared to reduction of the inflammatory process by removal of the sutures.

Key words: Salivary Interleukin-11, dental implants, Sutures, Comparative Study.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh
Articles by Ammar Luay Alshibib
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 82
Downloaded: 1


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh, Ammar Luay Alshibib. Salivary Interleukin – 11 Levels in Multiple Teeth Implants Patients Before and After Suture Removal (Comparative Study). SRP. 2020; 11(3): 234-239. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.3.26


Web Style

Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh, Ammar Luay Alshibib. Salivary Interleukin – 11 Levels in Multiple Teeth Implants Patients Before and After Suture Removal (Comparative Study). http://www.sysrevpharm.org//?mno=92886 [Access: April 04, 2020]. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.3.26


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh, Ammar Luay Alshibib. Salivary Interleukin – 11 Levels in Multiple Teeth Implants Patients Before and After Suture Removal (Comparative Study). SRP. 2020; 11(3): 234-239. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.3.26



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh, Ammar Luay Alshibib. Salivary Interleukin – 11 Levels in Multiple Teeth Implants Patients Before and After Suture Removal (Comparative Study). SRP. (2020), [cited April 04, 2020]; 11(3): 234-239. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.3.26



Harvard Style

Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh, Ammar Luay Alshibib (2020) Salivary Interleukin – 11 Levels in Multiple Teeth Implants Patients Before and After Suture Removal (Comparative Study). SRP, 11 (3), 234-239. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.3.26



Turabian Style

Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh, Ammar Luay Alshibib. 2020. Salivary Interleukin – 11 Levels in Multiple Teeth Implants Patients Before and After Suture Removal (Comparative Study). Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (3), 234-239. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.3.26



Chicago Style

Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh, Ammar Luay Alshibib. "Salivary Interleukin – 11 Levels in Multiple Teeth Implants Patients Before and After Suture Removal (Comparative Study)." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 234-239. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.3.26



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh, Ammar Luay Alshibib. "Salivary Interleukin – 11 Levels in Multiple Teeth Implants Patients Before and After Suture Removal (Comparative Study)." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.3 (2020), 234-239. Print. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.3.26



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nafhat Almisk Amer Saleh, Ammar Luay Alshibib (2020) Salivary Interleukin – 11 Levels in Multiple Teeth Implants Patients Before and After Suture Removal (Comparative Study). Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (3), 234-239. doi:10.5530/srp.2020.3.26





Most Viewed Articles
  • Dental Development between Assisted Reproductive Therapy (Art) and Natural Conceived Children: A Comparative Pilot Study
    Norzaiti Mohd Kenali, Naimah Hasanah Mohd Fathil, Norbasyirah Bohari, Ahmad Faisal Ismail, Roszaman Ramli
    SRP. 2020; 11(1): 01-06
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2020.1.01

  • Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Quality of life instrument, short form: Validity in the Vietnamese healthcare context
    Trung Quang Vo*, Bao Tran Thuy Tran, Ngan Thuy Nguyen, Tram ThiHuyen Nguyen, Thuy Phan Chung Tran
    SRP. 2020; 11(1): 14-22
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2020.1.03

  • A Review of Pharmacoeconomics: the key to “Healthcare for All”
    Hasamnis AA, Patil SS, Shaik Imam, Narendiran K
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): s40-s42
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1s.21

  • A Prospective Review on Phyto-Pharmacological Aspects of Andrographis paniculata
    Govindraj Akilandeswari, Arumugam Vijaya Anand, Palanisamy Sampathkumar, Puthamohan Vinayaga Moorthi, Basavaraju Preethi
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): 15-19
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1.3

  • Deuterium Depleted Water as an Adjuvant in Treatment of Cancer
    Anton Syroeshkin, Olga Levitskaya, Elena Uspenskaya, Tatiana Pleteneva, Daria Romaykina, Daria Ermakova
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): 112-117
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1.19

  • Most Downloaded
  • Dental Development between Assisted Reproductive Therapy (Art) and Natural Conceived Children: A Comparative Pilot Study
    Norzaiti Mohd Kenali, Naimah Hasanah Mohd Fathil, Norbasyirah Bohari, Ahmad Faisal Ismail, Roszaman Ramli
    SRP. 2020; 11(1): 01-06
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2020.1.01

  • Pharmacognostic and Phytopharmacological Overview on Bombax ceiba
    Pankaj Haribhau Chaudhary, Mukund Ganeshrao Tawar
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): 20-25
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1.4

  • Manilkara zapota (L.) Royen Fruit Peel: A Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review
    Karle Pravin P, Dhawale Shashikant C
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): 11-14
    » Abstract » doi: 0.5530/srp.2019.1.2

  • A Review of Pharmacoeconomics: the key to “Healthcare for All”
    Hasamnis AA, Patil SS, Shaik Imam, Narendiran K
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): s40-s42
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1s.21

  • A Prospective Review on Phyto-Pharmacological Aspects of Andrographis paniculata
    Govindraj Akilandeswari, Arumugam Vijaya Anand, Palanisamy Sampathkumar, Puthamohan Vinayaga Moorthi, Basavaraju Preethi
    SRP. 2019; 10(1): 15-19
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.1.3

  • Most Cited Articles