Quality of Health Economic Evaluation in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review in Vietnam

Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy,2017,8,1,97-102.
Published:March 2017
Type:Original Article

Quality of Health Economic Evaluation in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review in Vietnam

Trung Quang Vo1,4, Usa Chaikledkaew1,2, Minh Van Hoang3, Arthorn Riewpaiboon1*

1Division of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand.

2Health Intervention and Technology Assessment Program (HITAP), Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand.

3Hanoi School of Public Health, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam.

4Department of Pharmacy Administration, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam.


Background: At present, economic evaluation studies are pivotal in decisions on apportion of resources in health care. Vietnam is a country undergoing a healthcare reform requiring health economic information. This study is designed as a systematic review to explore the trend and situation of economic evaluation studies in Vietnam. In order to aid the development of this study, databases of numerous sources, namely PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, and Cochrane library. Results: From 1356 records found, twenty-three articles met selection criteria. Average number of articles by years is 0-5 papers except in 2012 (7 papers). There is 95.7 percent used cost effectiveness analysis, only one study conducted cost benefit analysis. Out of these studies, the number of articles was mentioned in prevention interventions (11), diagnostic procedures (3), curative procedures (7), and services delivery (2). Eleven studies did not report clearly the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) and also 11 publications did not disclose funding sources. Conclusions: This review shows clearly the current situation and an urgent need for an increase of both quality and quantity of health economic studies in Vietnam. Basically, national methodological guidelines for conducting and reporting economic evaluation in Vietnam should be developed as soon as possible.