Indian Plants with Cardioprotective Activity – A Review
Cardio-protection includes” all mechanism and means that contribute to the preservation of the heart by reducing or even preventing Myocardial damage. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the principle cause of death in both developed and developing countries. It may present as a typical heart attack, a sudden death or it may be detected at an advanced stage and be described as a silent infarct. CVD includes high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, stroke and accounts Myocardial infarction is the interruption of blood supply to part of the heart, causing heart cells to die, commonly due to blockage of coronary artery. Herbal drugs are known to exhibit creditable medicinal properties for the treatment of heart ailments and need to be explored to identify their potential application in prevention and therapy of human ailments. Cardio-vascular disease remains a leading cause of death in India. Therefore, finding ways to reduce the mortality of cardiovascular disease remains an important health goal. This review deals with medicinal plants possessing cardio-protective and cardio tonic activity. Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death globally and is projected to remain the leading cause of death. This review work explains chemical and pharmacological status of various cardio-protective plants including phyto constituents responsible for cardio-protection, extract employed, dosage, pharmacological screening model and mechanism involved in cardio-protection. This review work definitely helps in enlisting the Indian plants having cardioprotective activity.