Current Applications of Chitosan Nanoparticles
Nanoparticles are currently becoming one of the important parts for various segments. Much more process/application becomes effective or more economical and time saving because of nanoparticles. Polymers with distinct characteristics are widely used but nature origin polymer has its own important properties that make it a choice as polymer for nanoparticles. Many methods were successfully evaluated to prepare chitosan nanoparticles for loading various compounds including ionotropic gelation, micelles and emulsification methods. In this article we have reviewed the current aspects made-up from chitosan nanoparticles. Chitosan nanoparticles having application to improve bioavailability, controlled released of loaded drug also increases cellular uptake and targeting to cancer cells, stabilization of proteins and enhanced the affectivity of anti-microbial agents. In agriculture chitosan nanoparticles are used for herbicides, insecticide and pesticide loading to improve the cultivation of crops and used in foods packaging. Chitosan nanoparticles are also having wide application as an implant and therapeutics agent.