The Bornean Mistletoes as Versatile Parasites: A Systematic Review
A natural parasite which grows on other trees also gives very effective benefits to humans. Although, the study and knowledge about the medicinal uses of mistletoes are still not in search, European mistletoes, Viscum album is most common species used in anticancer. Further, research reports 3 most precious species found in Borneo Island, namely Scurrula ferruginea, Dendrophthoe curvata Macrosolen cochinchinesis. This borneo species belongs Loranthaceae family. The phytochemicals present in mistletoes gives ethnomedicinal uses. They are tannins, alkaloids, loranthin, gallic acid, flavonols, phenolics and terpenoids. Components which are present give maximum therapeutic effects. Various components show various actions. The traditional and therapeutic uses of bornean mistletoes components includes anticancer, anti-microbial, anti-oxidative, anti-hypertensive, antiviral, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-nociceptive, wound healing, and others activities.