AN INVESTIGATION OF INTER-AGENCY RELATIONSHIP RESPECTING ONE MAP POLICY: DOES THE INDONESIAN OPEN SPATIAL DATA POLICY REINFORCE INNOVATION OR DISRUPTED BUREAUCRACY?
YUDONO, Adipandang, DEWI, Chintia, DARMAWAN, Mulyanto.
OpenStreetMap and Wikimapia or even Google have opened a new era in terms of spatial data sharing through creating an easy, inexpensive, bureaucratically fast and open-source platform. The existence of their spatial information has moved the market direction of the community that previously relied on the official spatial data and information providers to the non-governmental organization spatial data and information provider. Responding to these disruptive phenomena, the Indonesian government must immediately innovate to gain public’s trust back through open data or data sharing, through which not only provided by the Indonesian Geospatial Information Agency (BIG; Badan Informasi Geospasial) but also by other government agencies that produce spatial data or information. This research focused onto spatial data and information shared by government institutions to explore the question regarding the relationship between spatial data with the growth and disruption of innovations under the One Map Policy. This study was conducted through qualitative methods by means of discourse analysis with specific analysis technique using in-depth interview to elites and legal documents analysis. The research findings from fieldwork proposed a new theory suggesting that open spatial data practices under the One-Man Policy Agenda at the Indonesian central government level today are enhancing democracy atmosphere amongst governments under the single-sectoral work process (trans-vertical relationships). Meanwhile, creating valuable trans-horizontal inter-agencies still need disruptive bureaucracy that adopt current disruption era in order to achieve collaboration, cooperation and coordination.