Assessment of Knowledge Retention of Healthcare Staff Through Telephonic Interview After Training for Rotavirus Vaccine Introduction in India
Background: It has been established that while training has significant potential in improving the knowledge and skills of healthcare staff, the beneficial effect of training may decline with time. Studies have emphasized the role of assessment in understanding the relevance of the training structure and content and employing mid-course correction as per the need. Besides, there is a lack of literature on the assessment of the level of knowledge retention following training on immunization among the participants. This study aims to conduct an assessment study to determine the level of knowledge retention amongst the participants of rotavirus vaccine introduction training.
Methods: The study was conducted among frontline health workers who received training on the rotavirus vaccine introduction. Assessments were conducted at a gap of one month and twelve months after the intervention. Simple percentages were used to compare the level of knowledge retention and McNemar's chisquare test to determine P values.
Results: This is the first study conducted in India to assess the retention of knowledge 12 months after the new vaccine introduction training of health care professionals. The study comprised 41 participants who demonstrated an increase in the level of knowledge retention at the end of 1-month; however, a decline was seen at 12-months. For the issue of missed second dose among children who received the first dose, an increase in knowledge level and retention was observed.
Conclusion: The study results suggested that a timebound decline in knowledge retention occurs. The authors recommend regular monitoring and refresher training to supplement the primary training to enhance knowledge retention.