Comparison Study of The Investigation of Reporting Regulations on The Accidents of Construction Work in Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, and Indonesia
Desiderius Viby Indrayana, Iris Mahani, Mawardi Amin, Abdurrahim Rafsanjani, Kristian Cahyandi.
Occupational safety and health is one of the important issues for workforce activities, especially among the member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Reporting construction work accidents is one of the important things in the construction sector which is an important topic considering that construction has become the most dangerous sector, one of which is due to its unique, dynamic, and temporary nature. The purpose of this study is to get a comparison of the reporting regulations, especially in terms of the regulations of the relevant institutions, the reporting time and the reporting flow of construction work accidents in several countries in the ASEAN region. The International Standard used is the ILO code of practice (ILO Code of Practice on Recording and Notification of Occupational Accidents and Diseases 1996). Meanwhile in Indonesia there is a Work Safety Act (Law No. 1, 1970) with its main agency being the Ministry of Manpower of the Republic of Indonesia. Malaysia has a 1994 Occupational Safety and Health Act with its main agency being the Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH). Singapore has a Workplace Safety and Health Act 2006 with its main agency being the Occupational Safety and Health Division (OSHD). And the Philippines has an Occupational Safety and Health Standards (As Amended 1989) with its main agency being the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE). Further in-depth literature study on reporting patterns of regulation (time, flow, and regulation) investigation of construction work accident in each of these countries. This is very much needed as a basis for comparison in the context of developing patterns of investigation of construction work accident in Indonesia in the future. The research method used is in analyzing secondary juridical normative data. In this study, it was concluded that Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines did not explicitly separate reporting patterns of work accident investigations between construction and non-construction work accidents, and in their regulations only involved one institution at the ministerial level and or more than one department but still within one related ministry reporting workplace accident investigations from both the construction and non-construction sectors. Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines in the preparation of regulations and legislation related to reports on workplace and non-construction work accident investigations refer to ILO regulations. While the conditions in Indonesia, the data obtained that Indonesia has several investigative institutions under several ministries (Construction Safety Committee, National Transportation Safety Committee, Labor Inspector and others). In Indonesia also does not yet have legislation or framework that integrates the work coordination, authority and responsibility of all investigative institutions of some of the ministries mentioned above. The accuracy of the reporting regulations for construction work accident investigations is expected to be the initial capital in order to get the roots of the problems of construction work accidents and the initial step for the development of further research, especially regarding the framework of construction work accident investigation in Indonesia.