Correlation of Swallowing and Breastfeeding Activities on Children's Craniofacial Development: Systematic Review
Harun Achmad, Eriska Riyanti, Arny Irawaty Djais, Irene Edith Rieuwpassa, Risti Saptarini Primarti, Nur Hildah Inayah, Yunita Feby Ramadhany.
Craniofacial and development increase is growth occurring within the first four years of life, a period during which a feeding regimen can take effect. Craniofacial growth and development are influenced by the function of stimuli, such as breathing, swallowing, chewing, and sucking. The World Health Organization (WHO) currently recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of a baby's life, and then continuing breastfeeding alongside solid foods for the next 12 to 24 months, or as long as the mother and baby want. Babies who have slow sucking and swallowing reflexes will usually have an effect on their ability to eat and speech development. If the reflex does not appear, this indicates a slow development of the brain or there is brain damage, for example, there is trauma to the head at birth or LBW conditions (Low Birth Weight Infants). The aim of this study of systematic review is to determine correlation of swallowing and breastfeeding activities on children's craniofacial growth and development. Data source of Pubmed, Web of Science and Google Scholar. Studies published from 2016 to 2020. Article were analyzed 270 articles resulting in 68 articles being excluded. The full-text articles in the remaining 47 articles were re-analyzed and excluded 37 articles and produced 10 articles which were then entered into the analysis. All of these articles show that swallowing and breastfeeding are closely related to the craniofacial development of children.