Effect of Tea Concocted from Bawang Dayak (Eleutherine Palmifolia) on Cholesterol of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design
Annaas Budi Setyawan, Ibnu Sina, Erna Harfiani, Novi Utami Dewi, Agus Supinganto
Two major problems suffered by patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) are linked to insulin resistance and impaired insulin secretion. They often occur in patients aged above 30 years and obese patients. High blood glucose and other complications, including increased LDL, are some of the risks faced by people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Bawang dayak has been used for generations to treat various diseases, including diabetes mellitus, because it inhibits alpha glucosidase enzyme. The aim of this study is to reveal the efficacy of bawang dayak tea in lowering the cholesterol levels of patients with type 2 DM. This study is a quasy-experimental research. It involved 50 patients who were divided into the intervention group and the control group. Bawang dayak tea was administered to the intervention group, twice a day in the morning during 4 weeks. Data analysis determined the differences in the control and intervention groups using the Mann Whitney test. The result of pre- and post-group was p value=.001 (<.05), meaning that there was a significant difference in median cholesterol levels, while the result difference of the two groups was p value=.002 (<.05), implying there was a significant difference in cholesterol levels of the two groups. Bawang dayak tea has been shown to lower cholesterol and have a potential as a non-pharmacological treatment in patients with type 2 DM.