Experience of Learning Foreign Languages in Higher Education Institutions of Ukraine: Consolidation of Forms and Methods
Myroslava Fabian, Tetiana Shavlovska, & 65279;Silviia Shpenyk, Natali& 1110;a Khanykina, Oleh Tyshchenko, Hanna Lebedynets
A systematic analysis of the scientific literature, historical sources has been conducted in the article. It has showed that the development of foreign language training of future professionals was influenced by a number of factors: socio-economic (focus on labor market needs, integration into the international space, scientific and technological progress); educational (updating legal documents in the field of education, standardization of training content, development of methods for the formation of professionally oriented speech). As a result of the analysis of the source base, the following tendencies of this period were recorded: paradigmatic (realization of ideological imperative in language and professional training of future specialists; structural-educational (preparation according to unified curricula, reading and translation as a leading type of speech activity); semantic (integration of foreign language training and multicultural education); instrumental and methodological (use of traditional verbal methods, standardized textbooks, limited to information and reproductions exercises). As a result of processing historical and pedagogical research, it has been found that a number of studies indicate the periods (stages) of formation, functioning and development of education in Ukraine.