Extragenital Pathologies of Pregnant Women in the Southern Regions of The Republic of Kazakhstan
L.M. Aktaeva, D.D. Mirzakhmetova, Z.Padaiga
The main priorities of the health care system is to strengthen the health of pregnant women and child. Currently, risk factors pregnancy include age, first pregnancy, multiple pregnancies, genetic factors, endocrine system pathology, social aspects, occupational hazards etc. The purpose of our study is to study the prevalence of extragenital pathology in pregnant women in the southern regions of Kazakhstan. Methods: As part of the study, the facilities were obstetric services in Almaty, Zhambyl, Kyzylorda, South Kazakhstan oblasts and the city of Almaty. The subject of the study was the indicators of the activities of obstetrical health organizations in the southern regions of the country from 2012 to 2016. The materials of the study were dynamic indicators of the activities of inpatient obstetric health care organizations (frequency of preterm labor, bleeding, surgical interventions, etc.) for 2012 to 2016. Statistical data processing was carried out using Excel. Results: Comparative studies have shown that the incidence of kidney and urinary tract diseases is the highest among all extragenital diseases accompanying pregnancy. The results may indicate a lack of female consultations to identify and treat major endocrine diseases before pregnancy, early pregnancy, and the need for more intensive monitoring of compliance with clinical protocols for pregnancy management aimed at limiting perinatal risks for the mother and fetus. Conclusion: There is a need to strengthen the work of the primary link to the issues of early detection, comprehensive diagnosis and quality treatment to minimize perinatal risks for pregnant women and the fetus.