FAMILY RESILIENCE, COPING AND DISASTER PREPAREDNESS IN THE COASTLINE AREA: ONE AND A HALF YEARS POST-EARTHQUAKE IN LOMBOK
Sriyono Sriyono, Nursalam Nursalam, Hamzah Hamzah
Lombok earthquake was different than any other earthquake that ever happened in Indonesia recently. The study aimed to analyze factors that contributed to family resilience, coping and disaster preparedness. Using a quantitative design with cross-sectional and observational approach, 585 respondents were included of this research with snowball sampling. Data were collected through an online Walsh Family Resilience Questionnaire, the ways of coping questionnaire, and disaster preparedness guidance questionnaire. Questions were distributed using Google Forms with an informed consent form at the beginning of the online form. Statistical analysis used descriptive statistics and ordinal regression. The highest phase reached by the respondents was acceptance (259/585, 44.3%). The family coping rate found was low coping mechanism and also they had low level of preparedness (301/585, 51.5% vs. 375/585, 64.1%). The income factor had higher correlation with family resilience (OR=131.220, CI=0.852–0.446, P=0.000). Educational background has 93 times greater coping mechanism than age, gender, income and occupation (OR=93.996, CI=0.765-1.153, P = 0.000) and worship culture had higher correlation with disaster preparedness (OR=72.529, CI=1.126–1.800, P = 0.000). Family resilience in coastal area in acceptance phase with family coping and disaster preparedness is in the low level category. Income factor has the highest association with family resilience, the same as educational background with coping and for the disaster preparedness with worship culture.