Fungal Sinusitis in Debilitated Patients with Poor Oral Health
Fungal sinusitis is a sinus infection that results from fungus. It occurs mostly in uncontrolled diabetes, debilitated patients and in patients on immuno-suppressants, antibiotics or steroids. There are several types of fungus sinus infections. Some types can cause serious health problems and death. Debilitated patients have a higher risk of complications from fungal sinusitis. The objective is to study the incidence and clinical profile of fungal sinusitis in debilitated patients with poor oral health. This was a prospective study in which 50 patients with fungal sinusitis who underwent treatment in School of medical science and research over 1 year were randomized into the study. So patients were selected from which 25 patients were male and 25 patients were female in age group of 45-70 years. Various examinations were conducted at different times which included microscopic, serological diagnosis and histopathological examination.
Fungal sinusitis was more common in the elderly age groups with debilitated diseases and poor oral health. Fungal sinusitis was comparatively more common among immunocompressant individuals. Surgery with chemotherapy offered better treatment outcome as compared to single modality. Early detection and treatment of fungal sinusitis is the key in tackling this clinical condition which can otherwise be fatal.