Generalized joint hypermobility and backache
Vladimir Eduardovich Li, Andrey Vasilievich Chemeris, R.A. Kanaev, Asiya Erbulatovna Iglikova.
Relevance Hypermobility of the vertebral spine is characterized by a spur increase in the movement amplitude in the region of spine with the preservation of shape and without visible disturbances, as well as in the presence of a permanent axis of the joint motion. This issue is currently widespread among the patients with chronic pain syndrome. Generalized joint hypermobility provokes the occurrence of pain syndrome, but in most cases it is difficult to diagnose, especially in laboratory studies .
In medical practice, there is a so-called "syndrome" of joints hypermobility, which is characterized by a genetically determined state with a dominant inheritance character, the clinical manifestations of which are muscle and joint pain in individuals with excessive range of motion in the joints with the absence of other specific signs of connective tissue dysplasia, the presence of a florid pain syndrome (muscle and joint pain), as well as the "isolated" joints hypermobility is widespread, or the benign form when patients have no complaints . The main manifestation of generalized joint hypermobility is their hyperextensible ligamentous apparatus, laxity of joint capsule and hypomyotonia of the muscles around the joint which, according to statistical observations, is recorded in 7 – 30% of patients. In most cases, the disease occurs in women and is mainly characteristic of the peoples of Africa, Asia and the Middle East. Thus, joint hypermobility syndrome is characterized as a complex of signs of joint hypermobility with clinical symptomatology .
The goal of the research: to review the literature on generalized joint hypermobility.
The methods of research: analysis of literary sources over the past 10 years.
Findings. Joint hypermobility is not considered a pathological condition but is a specific risk factor. This condition can be dangerous both for the functioning of the musculoskeletal system and the connective tissue structures of other systems of body. Generalized hypermobility of the vertebral spine joints is accompanied by a variety of pathological conditions, among which the leading position is occupied by pain (arthralgia, dorsalgia), crunch, clicks and others, the occurrence of which is associated with excessive extensibility of connective tissue structures and their increased sensitivity to mechanical stress.