Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Mangifera pajang: An Iconic Fruit of Sabah, Malaysia

Abstract

Joseph Tangah, Fidelis Edwin Bajau, Werfred Jilimin, Hung Tuck Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Eric Wei Chiang Chan

Mangifera pajang Kostermans of the mango family (Anacardiaceae) is endemic to the lowland rain forests of Borneo. Although growing wild in the forest, trees of are planted in orchards and home gardens due to increasing demand for the fruits which are among the largest of the genus. Fruits are oval in shape, and have a characteristic rough and brown skin. In Sabah, M. pajang or bambangan has ethno-cultural significance, and has become an iconic fruit among the Kadazan-Dusun people, who have developed various traditional cuisines using fresh and preserved fruits. Phytochemical investigations on the edible fruit pulp, peel and kernel of M. pajang showed that they are rich in flavonoids and phenolic acids. From the edible pulp, flavonoids (daidzein, genis-tein, hesperidin, kaempferol, naringin, luteolin and quercetin), phenolic acids (caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid and p-coumaric acid), carotenoids (α-carotene and β-carotene), and xanthophylls (cryptoxanthin and cis-cryptoxanthin) have been reported. Pharmacological properties of bam-bangan fruits include antioxidant, antibacterial, anticancer and cytopro-tective activities. A clinical trial at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) has demonstrated the health benefits of regular consumption of bambangan fruit juice. Treated subjects showed significant improvement in cer-tain cardiovascular biochemical parameters that can safeguard against cardiovascular diseases. Traditional and functional food products from bambangan fruits are being developed in Sabah

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Joseph Tangah, Fidelis Edwin Bajau, Werfred Jilimin, Hung Tuck Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Eric Wei Chiang Chan. Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Mangifera pajang: An Iconic Fruit of Sabah, Malaysia. SRP. 2017; 8(1): 86-91. 
doi:10.5530/srp.2017.1.15

Web Style

Joseph Tangah, Fidelis Edwin Bajau, Werfred Jilimin, Hung Tuck Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Eric Wei Chiang Chan. Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Mangifera pajang: An Iconic Fruit of Sabah, Malaysia. http://www.sysrevpharm.org/?mno=302644570 [Access: March 28, 2021]. doi:10.5530/srp.2017.1.15

AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Joseph Tangah, Fidelis Edwin Bajau, Werfred Jilimin, Hung Tuck Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Eric Wei Chiang Chan. Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Mangifera pajang: An Iconic Fruit of Sabah, Malaysia. SRP. 2017; 8(1): 86-91. doi:10.5530/srp.2017.1.15



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Joseph Tangah, Fidelis Edwin Bajau, Werfred Jilimin, Hung Tuck Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Eric Wei Chiang Chan. Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Mangifera pajang: An Iconic Fruit of Sabah, Malaysia. SRP. (2017), [cited March 28, 2021]; 8(1): 86-91. doi:10.5530/srp.2017.1.15



Harvard Style

Joseph Tangah, Fidelis Edwin Bajau, Werfred Jilimin, Hung Tuck Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Eric Wei Chiang Chan (2017) Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Mangifera pajang: An Iconic Fruit of Sabah, Malaysia. SRP, 8 (1), 86-91. doi:10.5530/srp.2017.1.15



Turabian Style

Joseph Tangah, Fidelis Edwin Bajau, Werfred Jilimin, Hung Tuck Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Eric Wei Chiang Chan. 2017. Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Mangifera pajang: An Iconic Fruit of Sabah, Malaysia. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 8 (1), 86-91. doi:10.5530/srp.2017.1.15



Chicago Style

Joseph Tangah, Fidelis Edwin Bajau, Werfred Jilimin, Hung Tuck Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Eric Wei Chiang Chan. "Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Mangifera pajang: An Iconic Fruit of Sabah, Malaysia." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 8 (2017), 86-91. doi:10.5530/srp.2017.1.15



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Joseph Tangah, Fidelis Edwin Bajau, Werfred Jilimin, Hung Tuck Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Eric Wei Chiang Chan. "Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Mangifera pajang: An Iconic Fruit of Sabah, Malaysia." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 8.1 (2017), 86-91. Print. doi:10.5530/srp.2017.1.15



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Joseph Tangah, Fidelis Edwin Bajau, Werfred Jilimin, Hung Tuck Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Eric Wei Chiang Chan (2017) Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Mangifera pajang: An Iconic Fruit of Sabah, Malaysia. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 8 (1), 86-91. doi:10.5530/srp.2017.1.15

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