Prevention of Caries in The Precociously Erupted Permanent Teeth by Treatment of Fissures with Erbium Laser Beams and Sealing Them with Sealants
Nazgul Moldakhanovna Onaibekova, Bakhyt Zhakenovna Nyssanova, Meyramgul Kozhakhmetovna Shayakhmetova, Saltanat Samigullovna Kurmangazina, Konstantin Vladimirovich Borzilov.
Dental examination was carried out in 840 children aged from 5 to 11 years according to generally accepted indices. Among them 208 (24.8%) had precocious eruption of secondary teeth. Coccal flora (in 58.8%), less often Neisseria (in 13.7%), fungi of the genus Candida (in 11.4%) and lactobacilli (in 10.5%) were discharged from the dental plaque of these teeth. With regular oral hygiene of children, the amount of oral microflora significantly (P <0.05) decreases.
Preparation of deep fissures of precocious erupted permanent teeth with Er: YAG laser beams followed by sealing them with a light-cured composite sealant "X-flow" results in a reduction of caries in 93.4% of children, when using «Fis-Seal» sealant - in 79.7% of children.