Realization of the Genetic Potential of Imported Holstein Cattle in Agricultural Enterprises of Primorsky Krai of Russia
Guli G. Koltun, Svetlana V. Terebova, Victoria V. Podvalova, Irina I. Shulepova, Aleksander N. Belov
Currently the main goal of Russian agricultural industry is to provide the citizens with high-quality competitive domestic production. This goal can be also achieved with the help of dairy husbandry development. Production of high-quality dairy products depends on many factors: fodder supply, housing, climate factors and the genetic potential of animals. Improvement of cattle gene pool in farms of Primorsky Krai is provided by import of foreign highly-productive Holstein cattle from Northern America, Canada, Europe (Germany, Hungary, Holland). The experience of working with foreign dairy cattle in Khankaysky agro-industrial complex “GreenAgro” is represented in the article. The analysis of “GreenAgro”`s work let make a number of recommendations for farm enterprises and other forms of agricultural enterprises, which plan to run dairying. These recommendations are development of homegrown fodder supply for high-yielding dairy cows, using the semen of Holstein breeding bulls for insemination of local cattle for the purpose of getting offspring with 50 % chance of being pure blood and improvement of breed characteristics of local cattle.