Resistance Test of Some Bacterial Synthetic Calcular Cycinaris Invitro Amoxicillin and Ciprofloxacin Antibiotics in TK II Pelamonia Hospital Makassar, Indonesia
Gemy Nastity Handayany, Trimaya Cahya Mulat, Eka, Anwar Mallongi
Sinusitis is defined as mucosal inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. Generally triggered by rhinitis so called rhinosinusitis. The main cause is sales (commond cold) which is a viral infection, which is then followed by bacterial infection. The main treatment most often used for chronic maxillary sinusitis is antibiotics, and therefore tested for resistance of antibiotics amoxicillin and ciprofloxacin. The method used in the research is the Kirby Bauer method by using a disk that contains antibiotic concentration. The sample used is a chronic maxillary sinusitis fluid taken from 12 patients who were positive for chronic maxillary sinusitis. From the results of bacterial isolation, all patients infected with Staphylococcus aureus, 7 patients infected with the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae and 2 patients infected with Haemophilus influenzae were found. The test results showed that all bacteria were resistant to the antibiotic amoxicillin and sensitive to the antibiotic ciprofloxacin.