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Risk Factors for Periodontal Disease in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Patients at Padongko Health Center, Barru Regency (Study Epidemiology)

Abstract

Masriadi, Erna Irawati, Chusnul Chotimah, Kurniaty Pamewa, Sarahfin Aslan, Moh. Hamzah

Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a non-contagious chronic disease and becomes one of global public health problems. Several oral conditions frequently found in Diabetes Mellitus patient include periodontal disease with alveolar bone resorption and gingival inflammation, a clear abscess, and xerostomia. The many complications, periodontitis mostly occurs in Diabetes Mellitus patient. It is a common chronic disease that accounts for 75-85% of diabetes cases in which the inflammatory response to bacteria in the gum tissue (periodontal ligament) caused irreversible loss of supporting structures and can eventually lead to tooth loss. Material and Methods: This research applied an observational analytic method with a case control study approach. Result and discussion: The sample was 60 patients of diabetes mellitus type 2taken using demographic data questionnaires and patient medical record data. The results showed that the age of the elderly (>60 years) had a risk of periodontal disease compared to adulthood (<60 years); men have more risks to develop periodontal disease than women; low education was more at risk of periodontal disease compared to higher education; and the bad habit of brushing teeth also becomes the cause of periodontal disease. Conclusion: Education is one of the risk factors for periodontal disease in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 with an OR value of 1.0 and p Value of 0.137.

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