RUSSIAN ADOLESCENTS? READINESS FOR AGGRESSION AS A RESULT OF FAMILY UPBRINGING
Natalya N. Kalatskaya, Roza A. Valeeva
Purpose of the study: The object of this paper is to study the influence of the nature of family relationships and parenting practices on the Russian teenagers’ readiness for aggression.
Methodology: The fundamental basis of this study includes three surveys. The most commonly used by Russian parents parenting styles and methods are investigated by the Retrospective Inventory of Child Rearing Practices (RICRP). The most common parenting styles are identified with the use of Retrospective questionnaire of parenting styles (RQP). Both tools rely on retrospective reflection. The interpersonal behaviors inventory (IBI) enabled identifying three forms of the respondents’ readiness for aggression among. The overall level of readiness for aggression (RA) was calculated as an arithmetic mean of the three forms of readiness for aggression N=237 young people (110 females and 127 males) aged 18-24 took part in this study after being randomly selected. The following statistical methods for data processing were used: descriptive statistics, Spearman's rho criterion, Analysis ?¾f Variances ANOVA and MANOVA, Linear regression analysis.
Results: Several forms of Russian adolescents’ readiness for aggression were identified: girls mostly have Emotional-Impulsive Readiness (E-IR), and boys have Habitual-Cognitive Readiness (H-CR). Various parenting styles and practices were studied as well as the similarities and differences in youth aggression taking into account respondents’ socio-economic status and gender. Statistically significant correlation between parenting methods and styles and some forms of readiness for aggression was established.
Applications of this study: The findings of the significant correlation between parenting methods and styles and some forms of readiness for aggression can be used as a theoretical basis for the development of correctional programs and methodology to improve the educational level and psychological competence of parents in raising children. The revealed similarities and differences in youth aggression could be of interest for psychological counseling and in the work of educational institutions. The identified forms of the Russian adolescents’ readiness for aggression can be used in the global-scale comparative analysis.
Novelty/Originality of this study: The scientific novelty of this research is in integrating two of the most pressing social issues – parenting practices and aggression along with its causes. It presents the complex impact of parenting on the Russian adolescents’ increasing readiness for aggression.