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Stress Family Experience And Profiles Of Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha And Interleukin-10 Of Nuaulu Tribe Community With Hunting Activity In Mesoendemic Area Of Malaria

Abstract

Nur Baharia Marasabessy, Muhammad Suhron

The Nuaulu tribe is one of the indigenous tribes in Maluku Province, Indonesia which becomes malaria endemics area. This tribe still adheres to the customs and habits of its ancestors, one of them is the habit of hunting. It is carried out to fulfill the needs of life and the implementation of traditional rituals performed from afternoon to morning or days in the forest, depending on obtained sustenance. The hunting location is in a forest that is far from the residential area. Hunters are often exposed by mosquitoes from entering the forest to returning home. However, this is not considered as a problem, because of pasion in fulfilling the hunters’ needs of life and stress family experience. The results of this study showed that stress family experience and the hunting group had lower profile on Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF α) and Interleukin-10 (IL-10) compared to the group that did not hunt and no one infected by malaria. Malaria sufferers were only found in non-hunting groups.

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