The Effect of 8 Weeks National Academy of Sports Medicine Exercises Training on Posture, Shoulder Pain, and Functional Disability in Male with Upper Cross Syndrome
Mohammed Challab Idan Almasoodi, Reza Mahdavinejad, Ghollamali Ghasmi
Background: Upper crossed syndrome (UCS) points to a special malalignment in the upper quarter of the body, including forward head, forward shoulder, and hyper kyphosis posture. We proposed performing an Effect of 8 weeks National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) Exercises training on posture, shoulder pain, and functional disability in males with UCS among employees of the Sport and Youth Administration of Karbala province, Iraq.
Methods: We involved 30 male volunteers in this pretest-posttest study design. The evaluation of the Forward head (FH), forward shoulder (FSH), thoracic kyphosis (TK), shoulder pain (SHP), and functional disability (FD) were done each participant in random order before and after eight weeks. They were divided into two equal groups of traditional and NASM exercises. Protocols (three times a week, for eight weeks) were performed. So, to compare the mean between pre and posttest data in both groups, independent samples t-test was used. The significance level was established at P < 0.05.
Results: According to the findings independent samples t-test, the forward head angle (t= -4.053, p= 0.000), forward shoulder angle (t= -5.067, p= 0.000) and hyperkyphosis angle (t= 5.187, p= 0.000), shoulder pain (t= -3.807, p= 0.001), and functional disability (t= -3.969, p= 0.001) outcomes are presented significant difference after 8 weeks of NASM with traditional exercises.
Conclusion: Using the NASM exercises can lead to a reduction in the UCS among employees of the Sport and Youth Administration of Karbala province, Iraq was significantly more than traditional exercises.