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The Impact of Toll Roads Development: Ecology of Public Administration Perspective

Abstract

Mukarto Siswoyo.

Toll roads are one of the drivers of the economy, and its existence creates equitable development in the country. These roads are used to measure economic progress and show readiness for civilization with fast-paced and simple activities. In Indonesia, the construction of toll roads in the era of the government of President Joko Widodo was carried out massively. Between 2014 and 2019, 1,235 km of toll roads have been built, and this wide-spread construction has various positive impacts on the unnatural aspects of public administration, such as the socio-cultural and economic domains. It however negatively impacts the natural environment by causing degradation and displacement of natural habitat. Furthermore, toll road policies focused on the economic benefits of goods distribution over the preservation of environmental factors that serve as the foundation for construction. Therefore, building more toll roads without considering the environmental effects degrades the environment further and reduces the quality of life as time goes on.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mukarto Siswoyo. The Impact of Toll Roads Development: Ecology of Public Administration Perspective . SRP. 2020; 11(11): 152-157.
doi:10.31838/srp.2020.11.22

Web Style

Mukarto Siswoyo. The Impact of Toll Roads Development: Ecology of Public Administration Perspective . http://www.sysrevpharm.org/?mno=7781 [Access: March 29, 2021]. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.11.22

AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mukarto Siswoyo. The Impact of Toll Roads Development: Ecology of Public Administration Perspective . SRP. 2020; 11(11): 152-157. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.11.22



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mukarto Siswoyo. The Impact of Toll Roads Development: Ecology of Public Administration Perspective . SRP. (2020), [cited March 29, 2021]; 11(11): 152-157. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.11.22



Harvard Style

Mukarto Siswoyo (2020) The Impact of Toll Roads Development: Ecology of Public Administration Perspective . SRP, 11 (11), 152-157. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.11.22



Turabian Style

Mukarto Siswoyo. 2020. The Impact of Toll Roads Development: Ecology of Public Administration Perspective . Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (11), 152-157. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.11.22



Chicago Style

Mukarto Siswoyo. "The Impact of Toll Roads Development: Ecology of Public Administration Perspective ." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11 (2020), 152-157. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.11.22



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mukarto Siswoyo. "The Impact of Toll Roads Development: Ecology of Public Administration Perspective ." Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 11.11 (2020), 152-157. Print. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.11.22



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mukarto Siswoyo (2020) The Impact of Toll Roads Development: Ecology of Public Administration Perspective . Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11 (11), 152-157. doi:10.31838/srp.2020.11.22

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