The Importance Of Spirituality, Physical Activity and Sleep Duration to Prevent Hypertension among Elderly in Aceh-Indonesia
Sufyan Anwar, Loh Su Peng, Trias Mahmudiono
Introduction: Hypertension is a condition that is common in the elderly population. Unlike physical activity and sleep duration, only a small proportion of studies have assessed the association of spirituality with hypertension. Aims: This study was aimed at looking at the relationship between spirituality, physical activity, and sleep duration with hypertension. Methods: This research is a cross-sectional study and data collection was conducted through a survey of 483 elderly people aged 60 years or over in 2019 in Aceh, Indonesia. To answer the research hypothesis, we used a logistic regression test. Results: Although we found an association between spirituality (p=0.007), physical activity (p<0.001) and sleep duration (p=0.006) and hypertension, we did not find an association between coffee drinking habits (p=0.204) and hypertension in the elderly. in Aceh. The study results showed that physical activity had a stronger relationship with hypertension Conclusions: This study concludes that spirituality, physical activity, and sleep duration can prevent or reduce hypertension in the elderly in Aceh.