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Traumatic Injuries of Incisors among Patients Attending Pedodontic Clinic of Basra Dental Teaching Hospital

Abstract

Hiyam Salah Ahmed, Shatha Kh. Hussain.

Dental trauma is a public health problem in young, aged children. The aim of this study was to evaluate severity and percentage of injuried anterior teeth and its correlated factors, in the age group of seven to twelve years dental patients attending to the teaching clinics, college of dentistry, Basra University. The sample of the present study include patients who came to the Pedodontic clinic in the Pedodontic and Preventive department at the College of Dentistry/Basra University seeking treatment of traumatized anterior permanent teeth. The traumatized teeth were examined clinically -according to modified Ellis and Davey classification. Dental trauma was more in males than females with ratio was 2.53 and was statistically significant. Higher prevalence of dental trauma was recorded among the age 10-11-year-old. Maxillary permanent central incisors were the most repeated injured tooth, and the most common type of fracture was Class II Enamel Dentine, fracture with no pulp exposure. The most frequent causes of dental injury were Fall and playing. In conclusion further considerations should be paid to preventive methods, especially in initial stages of development of males.

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