Understanding the Dynamic Nexus between Green Human Resource Management and Environmental Performance: The Moderating Role of Green Leaders? Emotional Intelligence in the Pharmaceutical Sector of Bahrain
Mahmoud Radwan Hussein AlZgool.
The current study attempted to examine how green HRM factors can help enhance environmental performance in the pharmaceutical sector of Bahrain. The study also investigated the direct and moderation of leaders` emotional intelligence on these direct relationships. Structural equation modelling was used to test the hypothesized relationships on the data obtained from managers and supervisory level employees working across the three major pharmaceutical companies in Bahrain. The results underlined a significant relationship between green ability and environmental performance. Similarly, green opportunity and environmental performance also posed a significant correlation. However, green motivation failed to pose any significant impact on environmental performance in the pharmaceutical sector. Importantly, leaders` emotional intelligence also resulted a significant relationship with environmental performance. In connection moderation, leaders ‘emotional intelligence moderated the relationship between green opportunity and environmental performance. On the contrary, it did not show any moderating role on the relationship between green ability, green motivation, and environmental performance. The study forwards discussion on the results and implications for theory and practice.