Food Allergies: Their Complications and Treatment
Malavika Pillai52806, Hina Alim52807, Ahmad Ali52808 and Nimisha Patel52809*
Food intolerance, often known-as Food Allergy (FA), is an abnormal immunological response to a food protein or component. The severity of a Food Allergy reaction varies. Immune responses can be mediated by IgE, non-IgE, or both in some situations. The gut considers dietary proteins to be foreign antigens, and those who are allergic to them have an immunological reaction to them. The body triggers an allergic reaction when IgE binds to the dietary allergen. Vomiting, itching, rashes, breathing difficulties, and other symptoms of an allergic reaction vary from mild to severe. If the allergic symptoms are detected, then it’s critical to eliminate the allergen-containing foods from your diet. In the event of accidental exposure, epinephrine should be given intramuscularly. Cow’s milk, peanuts, eggs, shellfish, and fish are all common foods that cause allergic responses. Immunotherapy, anti-IgE therapy, probiotics, and gene therapy are some of the additional treatment options.