New Trends Approach for Management of Obesity
Today, sociodemographic factors and lifestyle habits more affect body weight and body composition. Obesity is the imbalance of energy intake from food and energy expended through physical activity. Globally it affects ≥ 135 million people in India and in US 39.8% of adults and 18.5% of youth. Obesity exaggerates many major problems which is untreatable. Screening of obesity can be done by body mass index and other methods. Variates of medication are used in management of obesity. It has been already proved in various clinical trials that there are various drugs are used for treatment of obesity with some modification in life style, diet and behavioral modification. Orlistat has been found most desirable drug to manage obesity. In sever condition some time various surgical operation can be performed over patient to reduce morbidity. In this review we can see how to manage obesity by pharmacological and non-pharmacologically because obesity is a global concern as it arises many health disasters and expected to accentuating in future, among rural and older individuals. Although in recent last years it has been clearly showed that being overweight puts high risk of dying from COVID-19 as it increases oxygen demand, ventilators etc. so it is a like a wakeup call to come in action by introducing new campaign. So, government, health workers, researcher have to take urgent steps regarding management and treatment in obesity.